Category Archives: installations

“MIRI Instrument. Mid-infrared impressions” exhibition (2016)

 

The exhibition was created as a result of my collaboration with Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) for the last two months, October and November 2016. It consists of a series of digital prints made by me and a filter wheel for the MIRI Instrument, developed here at MPIA by the Infrared Space Astronomy Group (led by Oliver Krause since 2005). The MIRI instrument was developed for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) which is an international collaboration. Institutions responsible for it’s development are NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). Development of the project is managed by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. The main industrial partner is Northrop Grumman. The Space Telescope Science Institute will operate the telescope after launch in 2018. MIRI will be measuring mid-infrared electromagnetic frequency in JWST, and the artworks shown on the exhibition are abstract impressions of both mid-infrared astronomy and of aspects of the wheel as an instument. The wheel itself was an important inspiration for me as an artist – both by the way it was developed and by the science that will follow it’s measurements. It was crucial for me to have that instrument physcially here, in the exhibition’s space, to show how art and most outstanding technical advancement can coexist. Both the wheel and the prints are making up the exhibition together, being arranged as an insterdyscyplinary installation. Presence of this extraordinary invention gives new, important context for the abstract prints sourrounding it.

To be able to see deeper into the artworks (and the whole installation) it is important to understand science basics about the James Webb Space Telescope, MIRI Instrument and the filter wheel. Each work touches either one of the important aspects of the science that is expected to be done by the JWST, or the mid-infrared light spectrum that it will be measuring using MIRI Instrument or the specifics of the de
velopment of the filter wheel for MIRI.

Each of the exhibited prints has more detailed meaning behind it, but also they all share some features representing more general processes connected with MIRI Instrument and/or mid-infrared electromagnetic frequency of light that it will be measuring, such as:

  • all prints are very long and stretched/deformed in some ways. I made them like this because of one of the properites of light, known as a Doppler effect. Light source that is going towards an observer appears a little bit shifted into the blue colour (it has higher frequency), while light source going away from the observer is shifted into the red colour (it has lower frequency). The fact that Universe is expanding since the Big Bang was discovered because of measurements of the light of the galaxies being shifted into red colour, escaping from us, no matter in which direction we look. JWST will be measuring the most shifted light, the one that was made by the first galaxies that formed after the Big Bang.
  • noise that appears on part of the prints is representation of the cosmic background radiation, that is a relict of the infinite temperature that the Universe had in the moment of the Big Bang
  • works are nearly black and white – but most of them are little bit shifted into more red colours (also because of the nature of the first light that the JWST will measure)

 

Mid-infrared

MIRI Instrument will be measuring wavelength range from 5 to 28 μm of the electromagnetic spectrum providing the high resolution spectroscopy in mid-infrared frequency. The work entitled Mid-infrared is an impression of the mid-infrared spectroscopy. JWST will make such measurements not only of the first galaxies that formed after the Big Bang, but also of exoplantes, yound stars and brown dwarfs allowing new detailed discoveries to be made. It will also see deeper into the dust clouds to measure objects hidden in them. The form of the print is partly showing some of the features of spectroscopic graphs, as well as the process of light disapearing from the spectrum possible to measure. It represents not only a spectroscopy itself, but also the phenomenon of light being dimmed by the dust cloud or because of its frequency shifting too much for currently operating instruments to measure it.

 

Liquid nitrogen

The work is dedicated to the enviorement in which the MIRI Instrument was designed to operate in. It has to be cooled down significantly (up to the temperature ~ 7K, which is -266 C), because any heat created by the instrument would influence the measurements of the mid-infrared light. Aboard the JWST satellite this cryogenic environment will be provided by a cooling machine. Even cables used in the wheel are made of a super thin stainless steel and not copper, because copper ones would create too much heat. On ground the instrument itself has to be put in the closed space, and kept constantly dry. Normal wet air would harm special components (since it was designed for very special conditions). It has to be connected with a vessel full of liquid nitrogen, that slowly evaporates and flows through a thin plastic tube into the wheel’s closed space behind the glass.

 

First galaxies

The print shows an impression of the first galaxy. Small drawing was stretched and deformed, but the spiral shape of the galaxy is still noticeable. Vibrant, pulsing background of the work shows the cosmic background radiation in it’s more intense, hotter form that it had before the first galaxies formed. The background is an impression of even farther point of Universe’s evolution, when there was no light yet and free electrons didn’t allow any light to travel freely through space. Only after the Universe cooled down enough for the electrons to be bound to protons, light could travel freely. After first stars (and galaxies afterwards) were formed, the first light we can see appeared.

 

Wheel

Not only the physics behind the construction of the filter wheel for the MIRI Instrument was important and interesting for me as an artist. As much important and astonishing for me was the construction of the wheel itself. The print Wheel is dedicated to the instrument’s design, it’s physicall appearance. It is also strechted and deformed, changing it’s visual form into radiation sources that it will be measuring.

 

Zofia Szczęsna Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow (Poland)

Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidleberg, Infrared Space Astronomy

European Space Agency, MIRI Instrument

NASA, James Webb Space Telescope

 

 

 

“Gravity” exhibition (2016)

The exhibition consisted of a series of amorphous artworks. The objects were made specifically to correspond (in terms of visual arts) with the subject of The 3rd Conference of the Polish Society on Relativity, that is Einstein’s theory of gravity. I chose a medium that, in my opinion, was best suited to physically show the topic I was dealing with – bended, stretched and shrunk spacetime. The whole installation showed not only scientific theories and research transmitted into works of art by an artist, but also a connection between science and art, where mathematical problems and advanced research can be translated into general ideas through works of art, and where visual expressions help theories to be perfected in terms of scientific research.

“Cepheids” permanent exhibition (2016)

The theme of the exhibition are cepheids – pulsating variable stars that astronomers use to determine distances in the Universe, both within the Milky Way, and in relation to distant galaxies. Objects that make up the exhibition have been designed as additional elements to the interior of the dome of the historic observatory of the Astronomical Institute of the University of Wroclaw. The project was based on the scientific achievements of Professor Antoni Opolski. He was an outstanding scientist and educator; his academic career began at the University of Lvov, after World War II he started to work for the rest of his long life in the Astronomical Institute of the University of Wroclaw. Work on cepheids was an important part of his wide research. This is my first project that is not only scientific but also personal, and more specifically family-oriented. The exhibition presents a contemporary interpretation of cepheids seen through the eyes of an artist. A few decades ago the same objects were studied by an astrophysicist, Professor Antoni Opolski, with whom – apart from a fascination in astronomy – I also share family ties.

Objects can be observed only in reality, good documentation of the insides of each of the artworks is impossible. The nature of the pictures is very subtle and naked human eye is needed to capture it.

Casing for the prints were made by Tomasz Balik.

Light sculpture, Science Festival in Krakow (2015)

 

light sculpture installation science festival

 

The installation was made by me, Tomasz Balik (an artist) and Grzegorz Sęk (an astronomer from Youth Observatory in Niepolomice) as one of the events during Science Festival in Krakow. The year 2015 was dedicated to light, and so was the whole Festival. In our work we used green laser light (two sources) and fumigation machine to create almost material object. This way we intended  to demonstrate a way of contemplaiting the corpuscular-wave nature of light.

 


 

“The real air” installation (2013)

 

The topic of this project (The real air) was a task in the Interdisciplinary Studio where I was a student during my masters studies (Painting Department of Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow). My interpretation of this topic was the representation of air in its chemical and physical features (for me there can’t be anything more real then scientific facts). Artbook placed in the box theoretically containing the perfect air (with the best balanced gaseous components) presents all ingredients of ideal sample of air. It’s a sketchbook of an artist playing with scientific data, done in an old notebook used in schools in Poland. Other object consisting of the installation was, among others, a glass ball with air baubles captured inside.

 

the real air installation whole

 

the real air installation artbook

 

the real air installation artbook

“Interior/exterior” exhibition (2013)

 

Interior/exterior exhibition

 

The exhibition was an event organized by the art group Banda which I was leading at the time. I was curator of the exhibition which took place in the Gallery Humberta 3 at the Graphic Arts Faculty of the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow. The show contained art pieces done by artists from the Banda group and others who answered the open call and were accepted to take part in the project. Descriptions of the presented works were possible to read when QR codes placed near each of art works were scanned using mobile device. I prepared three objects for the project. Together they formed an optical installation. The Interior from the exhibition title was represented by the fact that the observer was inside the building where the event took place, and to be able to see the art work he had to look outside (Exterior) – the objects I made were installed on the window.  I played with the idea of interior and exterior in its physical meaning – space occupied (inside) and studied (outisde) by the observer.

 

interior/exterior

 

 

“Stars” installation (2011)

The project was an experiment on calligraphy. My goal was to work on it in more advanced  way rather then writing on the piece of paper. I interpreted four verses of the poem “Stars” by Bolesław Leśmian (Polish poet writing at the turn of the XIXth and XXth centuries). I wrote them down using calligraphy and then transferred in different ways. To build a movable part of the kaleidoscope (which is the most important object in this series) I used cut parts of the letters I wrote instead of colorfull pieces of glass. All instruments (each for one of the verses of the poem) could be used only during the day (installation was made to be put before the window and sunlight made it possible to see all the works properly). In the objects I created for this project (appart from the kaleidoscope where the letters inside the tube are cut) I show the original calligraphed writtings that were an inspiration for each object.

 

Bolesław Leśmian, “Gwiazdy”

Tej nocy niebo w dreszczach od gwiazd mrugawicy
Kołysało swój bezmiar w sąsiednie bezmiary,
To w próżnię swe radosne unosząc pożary,
To zbliżając je znowu ku mojej źrenicy

.Patrzę, niby przez nagły w mej ślepocie wyłom,
A światy roziskrzone – zaledwo na mgnienie
Odsłaniają mym oczom, jak nieba mogiłom,
Dalekie, zatajone w srebrze ukwiecenie.

Odsłaniają swe jary, wzgórza i parowy,
Już z jednego szum borów płonących dolata,
Z drugiego – cisza grobów, a z trzeciego świata –
Krzyk o pomoc i zawiew południa lipcowy.

Zasłuchany, wpatrzony stoję tak do świtu,
Aż niebo wron zbudzonych przesłoni gromada,
Gwiazdy giną w jaśnistych roztopach błękitu,
I gąszcz rosy na rzęsach zbłyskanych osiada.

Skroń znużoną pochylam do stogu na łące,
Garścią rozćwierkanego rojem świerszczów siana
Rzeźwię oczy, smugami gwiazd jeszcze gorące,
I do snu odniałego padam na kolana.

I śni mi się i trwogą uderza do głowy
Krzyk o pomoc i zawiew południa lipcowy.

 

whole calligraphy installation